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Fort Smith is the second-largest city in Arkansas, and serves as a regional hub for culture, health care and transportation. Jammers Reunion in Adona, April. Dangerous and demanding, the industry attracted Swiss and German immigrants who were unable to establish productive farms. At its headwaters, the Arkansas River runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping about 4,600 feet, creating The Numbers and Brown’s Canyon near Buena Vista, Colorado and the Royal Gorge at Canon City, Colorado, which see extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. Temperatures are generally warmer than in the Ozarks and cooler than Central Arkansas, although the wide variance in elevation in the River Valley can create locally different climactic conditions. The River Valley is home to several annual cultural events, including art, history, music, and traditional heritage festivals. 20,818 acres of land in Kansas are irrigated by Arkansas River water. This culture lives on today in the five vineyards still in operation. Preview this book » What people are saying - Write a review. It parallels the Arkansas River between the flat plains of western Oklahoma and the Arkansas Delta, dividing the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains with the broad valleys created by the river's floodplain, occasionally interrupted by low hills, scattered ridges, and mountains. [15] In Russellville, the Arkansas River Valley Arts Center offers visual arts as well as art classes and infrequent performances. The history of the Arkansas River and McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, regional benefits of the waterway, steamboat lore, cargo shipped on the waterway, and archeology. Vickers.--Railroads.--History of Lake County, by R.G. In Clarksville, the Walton Fine Arts Center on the campus of the University of the Ozarks offers university theater, performers, and speakers to patrons. Arkansas River, large tributary of the Mississippi River, rising in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near Leadville in central Colorado, U.S., and flowing generally east-southeastward for 1,460 miles (2,350 km) through Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas before entering the Mississippi 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Arkansas City, Ark. Jennifer Latham holds her son, Luke, 1, up to see the high water of the Arkansas River's Zink Lake near the 31st Street Pedestrian Bridge area of the River Parks, March 8, 2004. Other cities in the River Valley are mostly of county-level significance, gateways to nearby recreational sites or small rural settlements. Generally defined as the area between the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, the River Valley is characterized by flat lowlands covered in fertile farmland and lakes periodically interrupted by high peaks. Populations of Austrian Catholics, German Catholics, and German Catholics and Lutherans were relocating to the River Valley. An exploration period for a new regional crop tested beans, legumes, and tomatoes before settling on mustard greens and spinach. Baskin & Company, 1881 - Arkansas River Valley - 889 pages. The prehistoric Mound Builders and the historic Caddo, Wichita, and Osage settled or camped along the Arkansas River. Dill.--Ten mile region.--History of El Paso County, by A.Z. [11] Several of the River Valley's small towns were founded by these groups, beginning as small clusters of immigrants and evolving into cohesive communities. The Arkansas River is one of the most historically and economically important rivers in the United States. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Mount Magazine hosts an annual International Butterfly Festival in June, Frontier Days in October, and is the final destination on the Peak to Peak Poker Run, which begins at Queen Wilhelmina State Park in May. Arkansas River Valley -- History. [5], Hernando de Soto became the first European explorer to enter Arkansas in 1541. Ozark Lake, formed on the Arkansas River southwest of Mulberry, is surrounded by a WMA, The United States Forest Service operates both the Ouachita National Forest and the Ozark National Forest within the region, offering trails, camping, and fishing over thousands of acres of public land. Most first encounters describe scattered villages and individual farmsteads in the River Valley, unlike the organized "towns" and groves and orchards encountered in eastern Arkansas. The western portion of the River Valley (i.e., around Fort Smith) is situated near an area known as Tornado Alley in the central United States. Mount Magazine, Mount Nebo, and Petit Jean Mountain compose the Tri-Peaks Region, a further subdivision of the River Valley popular with hikers and outdoors enthusiasts. Arkansas River near the Royal Gorge in Colorado. Emerson.--History of Fremont County, by B.F. At around 29 million years ago, the Arkansas River valley formed. The Stephens Gallery hosts exhibits of glass and ivory carvings. Greenwood also has a Coal Miner's Memorial near the town square, with a restored coal railroad car and names of Sebastian County coal workers engraved on site. This development occurred because of the rapid expansion of irrigation in Colorado. However, competition introduced into the market by the railroads allowed farmers in Texas and other states to undercut the prices offered by River Valley farmers. Bluegrass festival. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. Elsewhere in the county, cotton and timber had given way to strawberry, hay, and cattle. In the Pre-Colonial era, the River Valley was inhabited by Native American tribes, including Caddo, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Tunica, and Quapaw tribes. People have used the hot springs here for more than two hundred years to treat illnesses and to relax. This fighting apparently caused de Soto to turn the expedition back east, leaving the River Valley.[6]. The Jack Creek Recreation Area and Knopper's Ford Recreation Area offer well-known Arkansas swimming holes as well as hiking, camping and fishing. Indicative of the disarray, Radical Republican Governor Powell Clayton declared martial law in ten counties following reelection in 1868. [4] Research at the site has linked artifacts to cave art (pictured at right) in a cave on Petit Jean Mountain, as well as establishing links to the Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw tribes. Major and record river flooding occurred primarily in northeastern Oklahoma, and the elevated flows continued downstream into Arkansas where the caused additional inundation. The Arkansas River Valley is not formally defined along county boundaries, including all of Logan and Sebastian counties and portions of Conway, Franklin, Johnson, Perry, Pope, and Yell counties. From the mouth of the Verdigris River until the McClellan-Kerr system moves over to the White River near Arkansas Post, the Arkansas River sustains commercial barge traffic and passenger and recreational use. Visitors can buy wines, tour the winery and watch the production process. [7] Since settlement, the River Valley had been a largely cashless society with significantly less reliance on slave labor compared to plantation agriculture areas like the Arkansas Delta and elsewhere in the Deep South. Petit Jean State Park hosts an annual Wildflower Weekend in April and a Rendezvous the weekend after Thanksgiving. The Arkansas Valley, one of the six natural divisions of Arkansas, lies between the Ozark Mountains to the north and theOuachita Mountains to the south. The Arkansas Valley encompasses two counties in central Colorado – Lake and Chaffee. Colorado -- Biography. Internet Archive. The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. May 28, 2019, 4:09 PM EDT Above: Homes are flooded on the Arkansas River in Tulsa, Okla., on Friday, May 24, 2019. This is "Arkansas Tech "River Valley History"" by Sells Agency on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Page 117. Arkansas/Oklahoma State Fair (at Fort Smith), September–October, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:46. The area gets its name from the Arkansas river that traverses the region. In addition to whitewater rafting in Colorado, and recreational use in Oklahoma, the river also provides for exceptional trout fishing in several areas. Global Village Day at Heifer International, October. Find the perfect arkansas river valley stock photo. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The cost of the war effort, loss of human capital, and Confederate currency losing value were serious issues for the South in addition to the destruction of property, infrastructure, and crops. Originating in the Boston Mountains of northwest Arkansas, it arcs northwards through southern Missouri before turning back into Arkansas, flowing … His expedition of 600 Spanish explorers searching for gold and riches crossed into Arkansas across the Mississippi River, and explored the state for the next two years. Peter’s and St. Paul’s River.” Father Jacques Marquette names it on his map of 1673. History of the Arkansas Valley, Colorado Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. [12] River Valley soil and climate are much less conducive to cotton cultivation than the Arkansas Delta, and many settlers struggled. The River Valley has generally mild winters and hot, humid summers. Colorado Outdoor Recreation | Arkansas River The Upper Arkansas River valley offers endless Colorado outdoor fun and recreation. Many events are held at the state parks and on town squares throughout the River Valley. [16] The city is an important economic, education and population center in the state. The German community thrived with coal mining and railroad work driving the local economy. Near Clarksville, the Spadra Waterfront Marina offers RV camping, boat rentals, and guided trips along Spadra Creek. The River Valley's first wineries date to the postbellum era, when they were founded to produce wine for the Swiss and German immigrants relocating to the area to work in coal mines. In Van Buren, the King Opera House is a restored 1880s opera house, now holding various events throughout the year. Google, pgs.415-889. At 1,469 miles long, it is the sixth longest river in the United States and the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system. 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