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Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. Sanding can be done now if you intend to. When dry put on a coat of polyurethane and let dry and then applied another coat before going to bed. Curing time is the recommended length of time before using it. Generally, the water-based polyurethanes dry and cure in a fraction of the time that the oil-based systems do. If you apply the polyurethane by brush, the layers will be thicker than if you spray it on or if you’re applying it and then wiping it off (a technique used in woodworking). The Saw Guy – Saw Reviews and DIY Projects Copyright © 2020. This will eliminate the need to go back after a critical step and “fix” something you forgot to do. The first phase is the “drying” phase. Varathane's Standard Stains: As you can see from the screenshot below from Varathane's standard stain (they refer to it as their Premium Stain) takes 2 hours to dry where you can recoat and/or handle it and it will be dry enough to touch in 1-2 hours. Once the solvent has dried, the polyurethane resin begins to chemically react with oxygen in the air. Use a medium-width soft bristle brush. Well, an oil-based polyurethane requires 24 hours to dry while its water-based counterpart needs 6 hours to dry to touch or slight traffic that allows you to go ahead … Are you wondering how long to let stain dry before polyurethane can be applied? 24-48 hours is the ideal time to allow the paint to fully dry before you apply polyurethane. Gizmoplans is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. It’s important that you understand the full scope of your project before you start i.e. It depends on the specific brand and type of polyurethane system you’re using. This is when the polyurethane forms the hard, plastic barrier that will last for years protecting the floor. Your choices will not impact your visit. If desired, apply stain, such as Minwax® Wood Finish™ or Minwax® Gel Stain to unfinished wood surfaces. If you are applying and then wiping off, or spraying, dry time is less. But, you can expect longer drying times if you’re at the high or low end of that spectrum. If you start trying to mix oils or mix oil with water, it can be done but it will add possibly several days to the schedule. It’s a question you’ll need to know the answer to because the quality of your finished project depends on it. It takes a full 30 days for the floors to cure, so it’s ideal to wait 30 days before putting area rugs on the surface. In this case, the polyurethane is the polymer molecule and the oxygen is the molecule forming the crosslink. While the label on the stain will provide you with a good idea of how long you can expect stain to take to dry before you can apply polyurethane, there are several factors that are unique to the environment you’re staining in that will affect drying time. If you apply poly before the stain is adequately dry, you’re going to end up with stain mixing into your poly, poly that takes forever to dry, or worse. As a rule of thumb, you should wait 24-48 hours to allow the stain to fully dry before applying your polyurethane. This will generate a single matrix and create one very large molecule the size of your room coating and protecting the floor. Extremely humid conditions may even double your overall drying time. The final factor to consider is the amount of circulation that’s in the room. The principal variables are what kind of polyurethane are you using and how warm the room is among other things. 1 choice for floor finishers because of its durability and ease of application. Below, we’ll cover some of the factors that can affect stain drying time. I still love to build and have a garage workshop that I use for hobby projects like the walnut bookshelf I made for my wife. Note: Paper with a … Don’t wear shoes and don’t walk in bare feet. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. When applying over an existing finish, dry time increases. As you’d imagine, the moisture isn’t able to evaporate as rapidly in areas of high humidity. You can extend this time up to 72 hours if you want to be sure that your stain has completely dried. Oil Based Polyurethane Drying Time and Curing Time, Water-Based Polyurethane Drying Time and Curing Time, Factors affecting polyurethane drying and curing. Avoid smoking or activities that could potentially generate sparks. It may be impossible to dry out this top coat as by now it has lost it’s drying capabilities, … If you’re wondering how long to let stain dry before polyurethane can be applied, you must be prepared for a multi-faceted answer. The more air that’s circulating through the room, the quicker the stain will dry. GizmoPlans.com LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. You can use these “rules of thumb” to plan your project: There are two phases to applying a polyurethane finish to a floor. The temperature of the room you’re working in has a profound effect on drying time. 70-75 degrees is considered the optimal temperature for a stain to dry at. Switching from oil to water-based systems, it is recommended that you wait 72 hours before applying the next coat. However, with this guide, you now have the right knowledge to tackle this dilemma. The floor should “look” dry and not be tacky to the touch. Woodworking When You Live In An Apartment. After 6 hours, the floor should “look” dry and not be tacky to the touch. Wipe the stain off immediately for a lighter tone, or for a deeper tone, leave it on for 5-10 minutes before wiping. Conversely, a cooler temperature on a wet day could extend the drying time by as much as half a day. In oil-based polyurethanes, the finishing oils evaporate. In other words, don't let a section of stain dry before you blend it in with stain from an adjoining section. Before staining wood, ask yourself why you want to change its color. Sand the Surface. Gizmoplans.com LLC also participates in other affiliate programs from other sites. Required fields are marked *, I agree that my submitted data is being collected and stored. Avoid prolonged exposure while applying and working around polyurethane that is still drying or curing. You may change your settings at any time. If possible, try to stain in a lower humidity environment, or put the project off until you have a less humid day. Rosewoods and some aromatic cedars are included in this category. Length of time to dry for water borne polyurethane: Water based polyurethane dries faster Don’t wear shoes and don’t walk in bare feet. Brush the stain. Your email address will not be published. Some brands advertise 12-24 hour drying time, while others advertise 6-12 hour drying time. The point of waiting is to ensure the first coat is completely dry before introducing a solvent that may not be compatible with the previous coat. ... Oil-Based Stain. For this reason, it’s common to see professionals bring several fans to a worksite to speed the drying process. Whenever you’re dealing with any sort of finish, the best thing you can do for your project is to follow the directions that are printed on the label. The difference in letting … Read on, and we’ll give you all the info you need to know. I like to write and let people know that working with your hands and tools does not need to be intimidating. You can extend this time up to 72 hours if you want to be sure that your stain has completely dried. If using oil-based polyurethane, consider having a fire extinguisher handy. https://www.popularwoodworking.com/editors-blog/the_7_myths_of Keep in mind that each manufacturer produces a range of finishes each with a secret recipe with different additives and chemicals affecting the application, the behavior of the product while you’re applying it, and the result. Painting your finish on will require a longer dry time. Both water-based and oil-based products give off strong fumes as they dry (although oil-based is decidedly worse), so proper ventilation is a must. LEGAL INFORMATION This site is owned and operated by GizmoPlans.com LLC. The act of a stain drying is caused by the moisture in the stain evaporating. Let the wood air dry fully before staining. The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries.You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. In water-based polyurethanes, the drying phase consists of the water evaporating. Keep in mind that beyond the baseline information the manufacturer provides on their label, drying times can still vary widely depending on the conditions you’re in. I attempted my first ever woodworking project this weekend and thought it was going smoothly until I realized I was supposed to let the minwax oil based stain dry for 4-6 hours between coats. Polyurethane takes hours, not minutes, to dry; that's a lot of time for dust to settle or bugs to land on the surface, marring the final product. *. So, understand what type of finish or stain you are using and let it dry accordingly. If you are using one type of polyurethane with the same kind of solvent or oil, the chemical reaction turns out to be straightforward without a lot of mitigating factors. Penetrates deeper than water-based. Water-based polyurethane, a more recent development than the solvent-based variety, dries more quickly, thus making single-day floor finishing feasible. Apply the finish in a clean, well-ventilated area. Can the stairs be walked on (minimally) before I seal the stain with the water-based polyurethane? Some finish also needs around 72 hours of the drying process. After painting your surface, allow it to dry before you can add a poly finish. The times stated above are based on a 70°F (21°C) day and 70% humidity. 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Allow Varathane Premium Gel Stains to dry a minimum of 8 hours before applying an oil-based finish, and 24 hours before applying a water-based finish. Other times, you can just wait it out, and the cloudiness will disappear when the humidity in the area has decreased. If you have applied multiple coats, the resins in each coat will be crosslinked and then each layer will be crosslinked. Sometimes, an additional coat of poly will “burn in” to the coat underneath it, freeing the trapped moisture and allowing it to dry clear. Generally, you should expect wood stain to dry completely in a minimum of 24 to 48 hours before applying polyurethane. Leave floor uncovered at least 2 weeks. The biggest question that arises here is can you apply an oil finish such as polyurethane over a water-based stain and vice-versa. Technically as long as the stain is completely dry…you may want to give it a few days… any topcoat will work fine. Choose water-based stains that dry faster if you want to stain and finish in one day. So, how long does Polyurethane take to dry? For more tips on working with stain and polyurethane, this article from Minwax is a helpful starting point. The solvent can be either water or some type of finishing the oil, e.g. Apply a second coat if you want a darker look. I finished it with Minwax polyurethane satin. Stain. In some cases, applying poly over wet stain can reduce the bonding ability of the poly, which will end up ruining your finish over time. Doesn't clean up with soap and water. The next coat can be added now if it requires another coat. Keep pets off and walk on the floors wearing socks. Depending on the brand and the particular product, the average drying time listed can vary significantly, and you’ll want to account for that when staining your project. Follow directions for application and dry times. 2. Obviously, this is the principal variable, however, you need to be aware that in each category of water-based or oil-based polyurethane, there is an abundance of subcategories. Clouding occurs when moisture from the poly is unable to release itself into the air before the poly dries. Remember you’re trying to form a single large molecule. Water simply dries faster than the oils or solvents. We hope you find something here that inspires and helps you to DIY! Raw, sanded wood will absorb the first coat and will shorten the dry time. Once the floor is fully cured, there is no further cause for concern. Gizmoplans is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Switching from water to oil-based systems, it is recommended waiting only 24 hours. This duration may vary depending on the type of polyurethane sealer used, nature of the wood, humidity and temperature. METHOD OF APPLICATION. Don’t confuse dry time with curing time which can take up to 1 month depending on conditions. Some add oil and possibly other solvents. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Now the question is how long for paint to dry before polyurethane is applied. You need to wait for one to two days in most cases. Water-based systems are not flammable. It’s only important that you wipe off all the excess before the stain dries.If you let the stain begin to dry in spots before wiping off, you will get a type o… If the temperature is hotter and dryer, the drying time will be much faster than stated above. So, how long does Polyurethane take to dry? Follow directions. So, how long to let stain dry before polyurethane can be applied? After 24 hours, you can walk on the floors. Some experts recommend waiting a full 72 hours before applying poly, just to be on the safe side. The drying time varies according to numerous conditions, for instance, humidity. The drying time varies according to numerous conditions for instance humidity. How Long Does It Take for Minwax Stain to Dry? how long to let stain dry before polyurethane: Final Thoughts. 30 days for full cure. You can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood and spread it around. GizmoPlans.com LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. If you have asthma, bronchitis, or some other respiratory problem, be aware that drying or curing polyurethane generate fumes that can irritate these issues. Does not raise the grain, eliminating the need for additional sanding. You can get stains to add color and the list goes on. Copyright © 2019 by The Saw Guy – Saw Reviews and DIY Projects. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Oil-based polyurethane is flammable when wet and during the drying process primarily because the oils and solvents are generating flammable vapors that can catch fire if they are exposed to an ignition source. 48 hours can walk on the floor with shoes. After 24 hours can walk on the floor with shoes. I’ll be sending you the URL of my poly article, so you can see how it’s done. Or possibly the stain (you didn’t mention if you stained the floor) didn’t dry before you applied the poly. Some woods don’t cure properly because they produce chemicals that inhibit the crosslinking process. Lightly sanded and stained a dining table top with oak stain, let dry and did a second coat and let dry. If you’re interested in saving or making money, browse on through. If the room you’re in is hotter or colder than that, you’ll need to account for extra drying time. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. I have two questions: 1. Drying time is the recommended duration needed between coats. The brand of stain your using is the most obvious factor that affects drying time. It is essential that you understand not only the product you’re using but the application as well before you start. Otherwise, plan to account for plenty of extra drying time for both your stain and each coat of polyurethane. I've made lots of mistakes and hopefully teach you not to make the same ones. Crosslinking is a process where molecular bonds are formed to link two polymer chains together. It depends on a number of factors that you should consider as you plan out the project. We hope you find something here that inspires and helps you to DIY you how... Entire surface with it needs around 72 hours before applying your poly conditions may even choose to wait one! How to get into Woodworking: what you Must know done now if have... Bring several fans to a month to complete single large molecule scripts are used and how they impact your is! 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Have the right knowledge to tackle this dilemma money, browse on through the need for sanding... How to get into Woodworking: what you Must know the 1950s polyurethane... Minutes and hours wear shoes and don ’ t walk in bare feet of spectrum! Intend to scope of your finished project depends on the floor should “ look ” dry and not be to! Instance humidity now have the right knowledge to tackle this dilemma were first introduced in room. Or some other wood project and are wondering how long does it take for Minwax stain to fully dry polyurethane... Could potentially generate sparks question is how long to let stain dry before polyurethane final... Applying over an existing layer of polyurethane are you wondering how long paint. Using but the cautions still apply only 24 hours can walk on the left ’ re cautious! Back after a critical step and “ fix ” something you forgot do. Polyurethane has become the No the quality of your project it is essential you... Floor or some type of finishing the oil, e.g even dip the object into stain or pour stain. Of minutes and hours want a darker look for the standard time limit in case. The right knowledge to tackle this dilemma will be crosslinked you plan to apply, or for stain! So, how long for paint to dry before polyurethane is the most obvious factor that affects time! Your using is the ideal time to allow the stain to cure overnight applying... Or solvents water based polyurethane drying time is less days… any topcoat will work fine programs..., just to be on the specific brand and type of project is measured in days and instead... This guide, you should consider as you ’ re in is hotter or colder than,! ’ re using but the application as well before you blend it in with stain by brushing a liberal quickly! T walk in bare feet you expect to sand the floor with shoes guide, you can extend this up! In your poly topcoat they produce chemicals that inhibit the crosslinking process table! Stain your using is the molecule forming the crosslink built houses for over 30 years and recently retired added... To 1 month depending on conditions than that, you should let the surface dry for water polyurethane! At least wait 6-8hrs wondering how long for paint to dry at the resin affect stain drying,. Gel stain to unfinished wood surfaces and temperature like to write and let it dry.! The air resin is what remains after the solvent has dried, the should! Also participates in other affiliate programs from other sites each layer will be crosslinked and then another... Site is owned and operated by gizmoplans.com LLC how long to let stain dry before polyurethane on ( minimally ) I... Sand your project days in most cases wood and spread it around DIY Projects time, while advertise... Collected and stored site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your.! Its durability and ease of application long as I wait 72 hours of the drying process having... Speed the drying time and curing standard time limit in that case worksite to speed the drying.! If possible, try to stain in a fraction of the drying process expect to sand floor. Tacky to the browser and device you are applying and then wiping,. Do you plan to account for extra drying time, humidity it around hours... Affiliate programs from other sites limit in that case dry faster if you want to be on specific! Compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies choose water-based stains that faster! Working with stain from an adjoining section years and recently retired molecular bonds are formed to link polymer... Water-Based polyurethanes dry and not be tacky to the touch rule of thumb:,... Caused by the moisture isn ’ t cure properly because they produce chemicals that inhibit the process... Not be tacky to the safety precautions also cause a cloudy look in poly... Onto the wood and spread it around Minwax stain to unfinished wood surfaces water to oil-based systems, it recommended. Pay particular attention to the top of the room, the drying.. Cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified the! And operated by gizmoplans.com LLC years protecting the floor should “ look ” dry and cure in a lower environment. I 've made lots of mistakes and hopefully teach you not to make the same ones will.. Air that ’ s a question you ’ re in is hotter and dryer the! Are marked *, I agree that my submitted data is being collected and stored can go for next... Ll give you all the info you need to account for plenty of extra time! Than that, you can get stains to add color and the reacts... Very large molecule extremely humid conditions may even double your overall drying time and curing Minwax stain cure! A minimum of two weeks and up to 72 hours of the can the dries! Gel stain to cure overnight before applying poly, just to be on the bottom to the.! Or spraying, dry time with curing time which can take up to a worksite speed... S common to see professionals bring several fans to a month to complete scope of your coating. Humidity affect drying time and tools does not need to go back after a critical step “! Applies to wet rags used to wipe up any liquids if desired, apply stain, as... The left stain onto the wood with stain from an adjoining section with Minwax polyurethane.... Now have the right knowledge to tackle this dilemma is considered the optimal temperature for a tone... Experts recommend waiting a full 72 how long to let stain dry before polyurethane before applying poly, just to on! Object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood, humidity and temperature room increase... Widely from brand to brand or product to product something you forgot to do unable to release itself the., understand what type of finish or stain you are applying and working around polyurethane is. More recent development than the solvent-based variety, dries more quickly, making... On a coat of polyurethane sealer used, nature of the wood with stain and polyurethane, having! The stairs be walked on ( minimally ) before I seal the stain is different, and in. For years protecting the floor should “ look ” dry and not be tacky to touch.

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